Part 3-American Indians of North Dakota (4th grade)

“Dakota" means “friend.” Thousands of people made up The Great Dakota Nation.They occupied parts of Minnesota, South Dakota and other areas west of the Mississippi River. The Chippewa Indians, enemies of the Dakota, called them “adders” (an adder is a type of snake). When the French traders tried to say this word in the Chippewa language, they could not say it correctly and it came out sounding like "Sioux" (soo). This name became commonly used for people of The Great Dakota Nation. The Chippewa had made friends with the French who gave them guns and helped them in their battles. In time, the Chippewa began pushing the Sioux people out of Minnesota and into North Dakota.The Great Dakota Nation—Lakota, Nakota, DakotaThe Great Dakota Nation was divided into three separate groups, each having its own culture and language patterns. The three groups were the Lakota (or Teton), Nakota (or Yankton), and Dakota (or Santee). A large northern area west of the Mississippi River was named after...

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Part 2-American Indians of North Dakota (4th Grade)

About 2,500 years ago, the people of the Woodland era appeared in North Dakota. These people came from the forests of Minnesota and Wisconsin.

The Woodland people hunted and gathered as the earlier groups had done and they got corn through trade. The Woodland people were the first people in North Dakota to make pottery.

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American Indians of North Dakota—Part 1 (4th grade)

North Dakota Studies at the State Historical Society of ND has recently revamped its units on “American Indians of North Dakota.” Well done!!

We plan to cover the highlights of this topic during the next year—especially for our American History teachers–first with grades 4 and 8 in ND and then adding information from other states. We won’t give you the entire load at once—but probably will keep feeding it out as we go through the year.

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The Incredible Shrinking Buffalo

The small party of Native American hunters were excited when they discovered a herd of bison grazing on open high prairie near some large hills connected by a steep ridge. The experienced and opportunistic hunters quickly noted that the terrain favored them. Several arroyos, perhaps 30 feet deep and a hundred feet wide at their mouths, cut into the crumbly red sedimentary siltstone that formed the base of one hill. These erosion features looked like possible escape routes to the bison, but their channels narrowed quickly so that they essentially became small box canyons. The hunters recognized that, if they were to drive their prey into the gullies, the walls would be too steep for the bison to climb and the animals would have no room to maneuver. The hunters could then get close enough to the large beasts and dispatch them with atlatl darts while standing safely on the rim of the arroyo. The Indians executed their plan, killed a number of bison and butchered them where they lay.The...

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Hi Everyone

Welcome to each of YOU who joins us on this incredible journey!! Together, we’ll share history and the wonderful buffalo stories that never grow old, that are told over and over, around campfires, in classrooms and at family gatherings!

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Attorney General Knudsen asks federal panel to overturn BLM’s bison grazing decision

HELENA – August 26, 2022 Montana Attorney General Austin Knudsen today asked a federal board to overturn the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) decision to grant a permit change allowing bison grazing in Phillips County. The permit is a part of the American Prairie Reserve’s broader effort to expand bison grazing on the plains across northern and eastern Montana. Attorney General Knudsen’s appeal asks the U.S. Department of the Interior Office of Hearings and Appeals to overturn the decision and...

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Oct 14, 2022. Wisconsin Bison Producer’s Assoc Fall Meeting. Learn more at

Oct 15, 2022.NBA Regnerative Ranch Tour Workshop. Villa Grove, IL.

Oct 17, 2022. Middle Creek Ranch Production Webcast Auction. Online at (Quality Auction Services).

Nov 2, 2022. Maxwell Wildlife Refuge Annual Bison Auction. Kansas.

Nov 5, 2022. 57th Annual Custer State Park Fall Classic Bison Auction – Custer, SD. 10:00 am MST at Custer State Park. Buffalo located at CSP Corrals Details at

Nov 9, 2022. Antelope Island State Park Bison Webcast Auction. Online Webcast Auction for Antelope Island State Park – Syracuse, Utah.

Francie Berg

Ronda Fink


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